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Organisations

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation of 34 member countries which share ‘a commitment to market economies backed by democratic institutions and focused on the wellbeing of all citizens.’1 It was established in 1960 by an eponymous Convention2 which transformed the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation into the OECD. Its stated mission is ‘to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world.’3 The OECD collects information, produces analyses and recommends policies on topics varying from agriculture through chemical safety to tax and finance, while providing a forum for governments to share experiences and seek solutions to problems.

The OECD may ‘take decisions which, except as otherwise provided, shall be binding on all the [m]embers.’4 The decisions are taken by consensus. The OECD may also make non-binding recommendations to members and enter into agreements with members and third parties.

With respect to cyberspace activities, the OECD deals with the internet economy, e-government, internet governance, and cyber security and privacy. In 2008, the Ministers and representatives issued the Seoul Declaration for the Future of the Internet Economy,5 in which they declared their support for ubiquitous access, fostering creativity and strengthening the security of the internet. There is also an OECD Recommendation on Digital Government Strategies. In the field of cyber security, the OECD specialises in critical information infrastructures protection, cyber security strategies, malware and botnets, protecting children online, and digital identity management and electronic authentication.6 The most important publications on cyber security are the OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems and Networks: Towards a Culture of Security (2002; in 2013 under review), the OECD Recommendation of the Council on the Protection of Critical Information Infrastructures (2008), and the updated (2013) Guidelines governing the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data.

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