Escalation Roadmap: An analysis paper

Discussing the stability of cyberspace to ensure a stable and peaceful cyberspace is an important but leaves open the question of what action nations should take if things go wrong, what cyber activities would constitute a crisis and when nations should inform and involve the United Nations (UN). This analysis from Lieutenant Colonel Ben Valk proposes an escalation roadmap that can be used to decide if a malicious cyber activity or attack should lead to the involvement of the UN, European Union (EU) or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

This timely and well thought out paper should be on the reading list of all cyber commanders and decision-makers in the increasingly tumultuous landscape of cyberspace.