Tallinn is the capital and the largest city of Estonia and is situated on the northern coast of the country, on coast of the Gulf of Finland. Tallinn’s medieval Old Town is known around the world for its well-preserved completeness and authentic Hanseatic architecture. There is something for everyone in Tallinn: enchanting atmosphere, rich cultural scene, beautiful surroundings and plenty of galleries, cafes and restaurants to choose from.
Spend some time in a true medieval milieu and you will soon understand why so many have described Tallinn old town as mystical, addictive and mesmerizing. Unlike other capital cities in Europe, Tallinn has managed to preserve the completeness and structure of its medieval and Hanseatic origin. Most of the cobblestone streets and properties, important state and church buildings, citizens’ and merchant’s residences, barns and warehouses dating back as far as to 11th century, are preserved in their original form.
Estonia uses East-European Time, EET, which is one hour ahead of Central European Time, CET, in other words GMT+2 in winter and GMT+3 in summer.
The electricity supply is 220 volts AC, 50 Hz. European-style 2-pin plugs are in use.
Money and banks
From 2011, Estonia is using the Euro (EUR), the single European currency.
ATMs can be found all around Tallinn. Beware that an Estonian ATM first gives you your money and only then returns the card. Worse, you have to ask the machine to give your card back.Luckily for you, these machines speak English. Almost all businesses accept bank cards (even for the smallest payments) and the local people carry very little cash.
Although the popularity of WiFi is declining in favor of mobile data connection, Tallinn is still packed with public WiFi hotspots. In particular, you can connect yourself in any decent cafeteria or pub.
WiFI is also offered by all hotels.
Estonia is a part of the Schengen visa zone. Nationals of the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA) and any third-country national holding a residence permit of a Schengen State do not need a visa to enter Estonia. The required travel document for entry is a national ID card or passport.
There are also several other countries whose citizens do not require a visa to enter Estonia for stays of no more than 90 days in any 180-day period. You can see a list of these countries on the homepage of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://vm.ee/en/who-does-not-need-visa-visit-estonia
Citizens of countries not mentioned above require a visa to enter Estonia. Visitors arriving in Estonia with a visa must have national passports valid for at least 3 months after their planned departure from Estonia.
Up-to-date information on required documents and tourist information is offered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or please see the requirements here: http://www.schengenvisainfo.com/estonia-visa/
The main international airport – Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport – has direct air links to numerous cities, including the nearby Baltic capitals, Riga and Vilnius. It is also easy to fly in direct from Amsterdam, Berlin, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dublin, Frankfurt, Helsinki, Kiev, London, Moscow, Munich, Oslo, Paris, Stockholm and Warsaw. The main airlines flying to Tallinn are Finnair, SAS, Lufthansa, Easyjet, Nordica / Adria Airways, LOT Polish Airline, Air Baltic, Ryanair and several other carriers. Most major European cities are less than 2,5 hours away by air.
Lennart Meri Tallinn International Airport is located only 4 km from the Tallinn city centre. There is a bus service to the city center, travelling time approximately 15 min. Travelling time by taxi is 10 minutes.
Flight times to Tallinn from European destinations:
Helsinki 0,5 h
Riga 1 h
Stockholm 1 h
Copenhagen 1,5 h
Moscow 1,5 h
Oslo 1,5 hours
Brussels 2,5 h
Amsterdam 2,5 h
Frankfurt 2,5 h
London 3 h
Paris 3 h
There is a frequent ferry connection between Tallinn and Helsinki and the ferry takes 2 hours. Ferries also link Tallinn to Stockholm (overnight ferry). Main ferry companies are Tallink to Helsinki (2h) and Stockholm and Viking Line to Helsinki.
Tallinn is 300 km from Riga, Latvia on the Via Baltica, part of the E67 Highway that runs to Prague.
By Bus: There is a choice of international bus lines connecting Tallinn with Riga, Vilnius, St. Petersburg and many German and Scandinavian cities.