Resources

 

Cyber Security Strategy Documents

The selection below provides links to national cyber security policy and legal documents. This includes national security and defence strategies which address cyber; national cyber/information security strategies; and relevant legal acts.

We primarily focus on NATO Nations and Partners (incl. Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), NATO's Mediterranean Dialogue, Istanbul Cooperation Initiative (ICI), and Partners across the globe), but other national strategies are included as available.

If you notice any broken links or would like to notify us of changes or new additions that we have missed, please write to stratpol.update-at-ccdcoe.org

Updated on 23 May 2017

NATO Nations

Albania

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy (2014) Original

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy (2014) Original

Belgium

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy. Securing Cyberspace (2012) Dutch | French | English
Cyber Security Strategy for Defence (2014) Original | English

Bulgaria

National Security and Defence Strategies
White Paper on Defence and the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bulgaria (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Resilient Bulgaria 2020 (2016) Original | English       

Canada

National cyber security strategy
Canada’s Cyber Security Strategy. For a Stronger and More Prosperous Canada (2010) English - Renewal underway      
Action Plan 2010-2015 for Canada's Cyber Security Strategy (2013) English
Action Plan for Critical Infrastructures 2014-2017 (2014) English | French

Croatia

National cyber security strategy
The National Cyber Security Strategy of the Republic of Croatia (2015) Original | English

National legislation
Information Security Act (2007) Original | English

Czech Republic

National security and defence strategies 
Security Strategy of the Czech Republic 2015 (2015) Original | English
White Paper on Defence (2011) Original | English
The Long Term Perspective for Defence 2030 (2015) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy of the Czech Republic 2015-2020 (2015) Original | English
Action Plan for the National Cyber Security Strategy 2015-2020 Original | English

National legislation
Act on Cyber Security (2014) Original | English

Denmark

National security strategy
Danish Defence Agreement 2013-2017 (2012) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Cyber and Information Security (2014) Original | English

Estonia

National security and defence strategies
National Security Concept of Estonia (2010) Original | English
National Defence Strategy (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy (2014) Original English

France

National security and defence strategies
White Paper: Defence and National Security (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
French National Digital Security Strategy (2015)  Original | English | Other

Germany

National security and defence strategies
White Paper 2016 on German Security Policy and the Future of the Bundeswehr (2016) Original | English       *NEW*

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy for Germany (2011) Original | English

National legislation
IT Security Act (2015) Original | English (translation based on the draft Act)

Hungary

National security and defence strategies
Hungary’s National Security Strategy (2012) Original | English
Hungary's National Military Strategy (2012) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy of Hungary (2013) Original | English

National legislation
Act on the Electronic Information Security of Central and Local Government Agencies (2013) Original | English

Iceland

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2015-2026 (2014) Original | English summary

Italy

National security and defence strategies
White Paper on Defence (2015) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Strategic Framework for the Security of Cyberspace (2013) Original | English
National Plan for Cyber Security (2013) Original | English
Decree on National Cyber Security (2013) Original | English

Latvia

National security and defence strategies
The State Defence Concept (2012) Original | English
The National Security Concept (2011) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Latvian cyber security strategy for the period 2014 to 2018 (2014) OriginalEnglish

National legislation
Law on the Security of Information Technologies (2010) Original | English

Lithuania

National Security and Defence Strategies
National Security Strategy (2012) Original | English
The Military Strategy of the Republic of Lithuania (2012) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Programme for the Development of Electronic Information Security for 2011–2019 (2011) Original | English

National legislation
Cybersecurity Act (2014) Original | English

Luxembourg

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy on Cyber Security (2011) Original | English

The Netherlands

National security and defence strategies
National counterterrorism strategy 2011-2015 (2011) Original | English
Defence Doctrine (2013) Original | English
International Security Strategy: A Secure Netherlands in a Secure World (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2: From Awareness to Capability (2013) Original | English
Defence Cyber Strategy (2012) Original | English

Norway

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy for Norway (2012) Original | English
Cyber Security Strategy for Norway. Action Plan (2012) Original | English

Poland

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy of the Republic of Poland (2014) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyberspace Protection Policy of the Republic of Poland (2013) Original | English
Cybersecurity Doctrine of the Republic of Poland (2015) Original | English summary

Portugal

National security and defence strategies
National Strategic Defence Concept (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for the Security in Cyberspace (2013) Original | English

Romania

National cyber security strategy
Romania's Cyber Security Strategy and the National Action Plan on Implementation of the National Cyber Security (2013)  Original| English

Slovakia

National security and defence strategies
White Paper on Defence of the Slovak Republic (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Concept of the Slovak Republic for 2015 - 2020 (2015) Original | English
Action Plan to the Cyber Security Concept of the Slovak Republic for 2015 - 2020 (2015) Original | English

Slovenia

National security and defence strategies
Resolution on the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Slovenia (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy of the Republic of Slovenia (2016) Original | English

Spain

National security and defence strategies
The National Security Strategy: Sharing a Common Project (2013) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy (2013) Original | English

Turkey

National security and defence strategies
2016-2019 National Cyber Security Strategy (2016) Original | English      *NEW*

United Kingdom

National security and defence strategies
A Strong Britain in an Age of Uncertainty: The National Security Strategy (2010) Original

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2016-2021 (2016) Original     

United States of America

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy (2015) Original

National cyber security strategy
The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace (2003) Original
Cyberspace Policy Review (2009) Original
International Strategy for Cyberspace. Prosperity, Security, and Openness in a Networked World (2011) Original
Draft Strategy for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (2014) Original
President’s Executive Order on Drawing up a Strategy for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (2013) Original
The Department of Defence Cyber Strategy (2015) Original

National legislation
Cybersecurity Act of 2015 Original
Cybersecurity Enhancement Act of 2014 Original
National Cybersecurity Protection Act of 2014 Original

Non-NATO Nations

Europe

Austria

National Security and Defence Strategies
Austrian Security Strategy (2013) Original | English 

National cyber security strategy
National ICT Security Strategy Austria (2012) Original | English
Austrian Cyber Security Strategy (2013) Original | English

Bosnia and Herzegovina

National security and defence strategies
Bosnia and Herzegovina Strategy for Prevention and Fight Against Terrorism (2010) Original | English

Cyprus

National cyber security strategy
Cybersecurity Strategy of the Republic of Cyprus (2013) Original | English

Finland

National security and defence strategies
Security Strategy for Society (2010) Original | English
Finnish Security and Defence Policy (2012) Original | Swedish | English  

National cyber security strategy
Finland's Cyber Security Strategy (2013) Original | English
Finland’s Cyber Security Strategy - Background Dossier (2013) Original | English

Georgia

National Security and Defence Strategies
National Security Concept of Georgia (2014) English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy of Georgia 2012-2015 Original | English

Ireland

National Security and Defence Strategies 
White Paper on Defence (2015) GaelicEnglish

National Cyber Security Strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2015-2017 English

Malta

National cyber security strategy
Malta Cyber Security Strategy (2016) English      *NEW*

Montenegro

National cyber security strategy
Strategy on Cyber Security of Montenegro to 2017 (2013) Original | English

Russia

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation (2015) Original | English
Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2014) Original | English
Concept of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation (2013) Original | English
National Security Strategy 2009-2020 (2008) English 
National Security Concept of the Russian Federation (2000) 
Original English

National cyber security strategy
Information Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2000) Original | English 
Renewal underway. Information Security Doctrine of the Russian Federation (2016 draft) Original | English       *NEW*
Basic Principles for State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Field of International Information Security (2013) Original | English
Conceptual Views Regarding the Activities of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the Information Space (2011) Original | English
Concept of Russia’s Cyber Security Strategy - draft underway (as of Jan 2014) Original | English
See related policy documents on the Russian Federation Security Council website

Serbia

National security and defence strategies
White Paper on Defence of the Republic of Serbia (2010) Original | English

National legislation
Cyber Law (draft as of 2015) Original

Sweden

National Security and Defence Strategies
Sweden's Defence Policy 2016 to 2020 (2015) Original | English summary

Switzerland

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Switzerland's Protection Against Cyber Risks (2012) Original | English

Ukraine

National Security and Defence Strategies
Draft National Security Strategy (2015) Original

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Strategy (2016) Original
 

European Union

Cybersecurity Strategy of the European Union: An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace - JOIN(2013) 1 final - 7/2/2013 (2013) English 
 

Asia & Oceania

Afghanistan

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy of Afghanistan (NCSA) (2014) Original | English

Australia

National security and defence strategies
Strong and Secure. A Strategy for Australia’s National Security (2013) Original
2016 Defence White Paper (2016) Original     *NEW*

National cyber security strategy
Australia's Cyber Security Strategy  (2016) Original      *NEW*

Azerbaijan

National cyber security strategy

National Strategy of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the Development of the İnformation Society for the years 2014-2020 (2014) Original | English

Bangladesh

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Strategy (2014) Original | English

China

National security and defence strategies
National Security Strategy (2015) Original (summary unofficial)
National Military Strategy (2014) English (unofficial)

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Strategy (2016) English (unofficial)            
*NEW*
International Strategy of Cooperation on Cyberspace (2017) English (unofficial)               *NEW*
National legislation
Cybersecurity law of the People´s Republic of China (2016) English (unofficial)             
*NEW*

India

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Policy (2013) Original | English

Israel

National legislation
Advancing National Cyberspace Capabilities, Government Resolution No. 3611 (2011) Original | English
Advancing National Regulation and Governmental Leadership in Cyber Security, Government Resolution No. 2443 (2015) Original | English
Advancing the National Preparedness for Cyber Security, Government Resolution No. 2444 (2015) Original | English
Background for the Government Resolutions Regarding Advancing the National Preparedness for Cyber Security and Advancing National Regulation and Governmental Leadership in Cyber Security  | English

Japan

National security and defence strategies
Japan Defense (2015) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Cybersecurity Strategy - Toward a World-Leading, Resilient and Vigorous Cyberspace (2013) Original | English
International Strategy on Cybersecurity - j-Initiative for Cybersecurity (2013) Original | English
Cyber Security Strategy (2015) Original | English summary 
See related policy documents on the National Information Security Centre's website

Jordan

National cyber security strategy
National Information Assurance and Cyber Security Strategy (NIACSS) (2012) Original | English

Malaysia

National cyber security strategy
The National Cyber-Security Policy (2006) Summary (in English) | Overview (in English)

Mongolia

National security and defence strategies
National Security Concept of Mongolia (2010) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
Program on Information Security (2010) Original | English

New Zealand

National security and defence strategies
New Zealand National Security System (2011) Original
Defence White Paper (2010) Original

National cyber security strategy
New Zealand's Cyber Security Strategy (2015) Original
New Zealand's Cyber Security Strategy Action Plan (2015) Original
National Plan to Address Cybercrime (2015) Original

Pakistan

National cyber security strategy
Development announced in Mar 2014

National legislation
National Cyber Security Council Act (2014) English

Qatar

National cyber security strategy
Qatar National Cyber Security Strategy (2015) Original | English

Samoa

National cyber security strategy
Samoa National Cyber Security Strategy (2017)  English                *NEW* 

Saudi-Arabia

 

National cyber security strategy
National Information Security Strategy in Saudi Arabia (in development as of Feb 2013) Original | English
(Consultation note)

Singapore

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Masterplan 2018 (2013)
Factsheet on National Cyber Security Masterplan 2018
Cyber security strategy (2016) English             *NEW*

South Korea

National security and defence strategies
Defense White Paper (2014) Original | English

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Masterplan (2011) Original | English

United Arab Emirates

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy (2014) Original | English

Africa

Botswana

National cyber security strategy
Development announced April 2015

Egypt

National cyber security strategy
National ICT Strategy 2012-2017 (2013) Original | English

Gambia

National cyber security strategy
Development announced March 2015

Ghana

National cyber security strategy
Ghana National Cyber Security Policy & Strategy (2014) English

Kenya

National cyber security strategy
Cybersecurity Strategy (2014) Original | English

Mauritania

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Modernization of Administration and ICT 2012-2016 (2012) Original | English

Mauritius

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy 2014-2019 (2014) Original | English

Morocco

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Information Society and Digital Economy (“Digital Morocco 2013”) (2013) Arabic | French | English
(cyber security addressed under “Digital Confidence”)

Nigeria

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Policy (2014) English
National Cybersecurity Strategy (2015) English

South Africa

National security and defence strategies
South African Defence Review (2014) English

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Policy of South Africa (2012) Original | English

Tanzania

National cyber security strategy
National cyber security strategy - drafting underway (June 2016)      *NEW*

Uganda

National cyber security strategy
National Information Security Strategy (2011) Original | English

Zimbabwe

National cyber security strategy
Cyber Security Policy (drafting ongoing as of November 2013)

African Union

African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection (2014) English 

Americas & the Caribbean

Brazil

National security and defence strategies
Defense White Paper (2012) Original | English | Spanish

Chile

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity Policy (2017) Original | English

Colombia

National cyber security strategy
National Cybersecurity and Cyberdefense Policy (2011) Original | English
Strategic Innovation Agenda on Cybersecurity(2014) Original | English

Costa Rica

National cyber security strategy
Development announced March 2015

Grenada

National cyber security strategy
Development announced Feb 2014

Jamaica

National cyber security strategy
Jamaica National Cyber Security Strategy (2015) English | Spanish

Panama

National cyber security strategy
National Strategy for Cyber Security and Critical Infrastructure Protection (2013) Original | English

Trinidad and Tobago

National cyber security strategy
National Cyber Security Strategy (2012) English | Spanish